学术沙龙

学术沙龙第十三期:生物质烘焙动力学和热化学

发布时间:2021-04-12 

报 告 人:蔡均猛   资源与环境系 副教授

   间:2021年4月21日 (星期三) 12:40-13:30

   点:赌博十大网站平台创新楼(B楼)104会议室

主办单位:赌博十大网站平台学科与科技办、赌博十大网站平台青年教师联谊会

 

 

 

报告题目:   生物质烘焙动力学和热化学

报告摘要:

生物质水分和氧含量较高,热值和能量密度低,不宜长距离运输和长期储存,给后续转化利用带来问题。生物质烘焙是在低温,缺氧和低加热速率条件下的一种生物质处理技术。烘焙不仅改善生物质理化特性,还能提升其热化学转化性能。生物质烘焙动力学和热化学机理研究是生物质烘焙系统设计、过程优化及工业化应用的基础。将重点展示课题组生物质烘焙动力学及热化学方面的研究成果。

报告人简介:

蔡均猛,博士,副教授。主要从事生物质热化学转化方面的研究,在Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews,Chemical Engineering Journal, Green Chemistry, AIChE Journal等期刊上发表60余篇论文,被引2860余次,h指数为32,高被引论文3篇。

 

【代表性著作】:

  1. Cai, J.; Chen, S., A new iterative linear integral isoconversional method for the determination of the activation energy varying with the conversion degree. Journal of Computational Chemistry 2009, 30, (13), 1986-1991.
  2. Cai, J.; Wu, W.; Liu, R.; Huber, G. W., A distributed activation energy model for the pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Green Chemistry 2013, 15, (5), 1331-1340.
  3. Cai, J.; Wu, W.; Liu, R., An overview of distributed activation energy model and its application in the pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2014, 36, 236-246.
  4. Cai, J.; He, Y.; Yu, X.; Banks, S. W.; Yang, Y.; Zhang, X.; Yu, Y.; Liu, R.; Bridgwater, A. V., Review of physicochemical properties and analytical characterization of lignocellulosic biomass. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 2017, 76, 309-322.
  5. Cai, J.; Xu, D.; Dong, Z.; Yu, X.; Yang, Y.; Banks, S.W.; Bridgwater, A.V., Processing thermogravimetric analysis data for isoconversional kinetic analysis of lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis: Case study of corn stalk. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2018, 82 (3), 2705-2715.
  6. Chai, M.; Xie, L.; Yu, X.; Zhang, X.; Yang, Y.; Rahman, M.M.; Blanco, P. H.; Liu, R.; Bridgwater, A.V.; Cai, J., Poplar wood torrefaction: Kinetics, thermochemistry and implications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2021143, 110962.

 

 

ACADEMIC SALON (XIII)

SPEAKER: Junmeng CAI

Associate Professor

Department of Resource and Environment, SAB

TIME :12:40-13:30  April 21st, 2021

VENUE:Room 104, Building B, SAB

ORGANIZER:Office of Discipline and Science & Technology, SAB;

Young Teachers Association, SAB

TITLE: Kinetics and Thermochemistry of Biomass Torrefaction

ABSTRACT:

    The direct use of lignocellulosic biomass (e.g., agricultural and forest residues) as fuel is inefficient because of its poor energy efficiency (e.g., low heating value, high moisture content, hygroscopic nature, low density and polymorphism, and high during transportation, handling and storage costs). Besides improving physicochemical properties of biomass, torrefaction can also improve its thermal conversional performance. The kinetics of biomass torrefaction is fundamental for the prediction of thermal decomposition kinetic characteristics under different torrefaction conditions and is helpful for the design, scale-up, optimization and industrial application of torrefaction processes/systems. The kinetic and thermochemical models for woody biomass torrefaction will be presented and discussed.

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